By: I Made Marjaya
Art is one of seven culture elements that show the identity of a nation because it has special characteristic which is bringing an unique experience that improve by its own and stay save inside the artist that create it (Soedarso, 1990:63)
An art is also the ancestor’s idea, sense and intention results which are inherited from generation to generation since the human civilization exist. Balinese art that inspired by Hindu always improves in accordance to the development of the society that supports it. An art is created to keep the balance of live based on Hindu, and also convinced has power to attract every one to enjoy it. The basic power in conducting art thing is beauty or known as ethics. Every creation of art is always base on ethics (act value), logic (truth value), and aesthetics (beauty value). Also in creating an art thing must fulfill three elements which are satwam (truth), siwam (greatness) and sundaram (beauty).
Art is the expression of human soul which implemented in art form which are classified into four main groups which are art of performing, fine art, art of media recording and art of literature. The art of performing has meaning an art that the expression conducted by performing acts because the art moves on space and time. That is way it called only temporary art, an art that is not durable and gone when the art has already been performed. An art of performing covers art of dancing, art of music, martial art and art of drama. Fine art has meaning an art that the expression fall into two or three dimensions, and the art form has a visualization and static characteristic. Fine art included art of painting, sculpture, art of graphic, artistic skill, advertisement art, architecture art and decoration art. Art of media recording is audio-visual art and the realization is the existence of recording art. Media recording art covered film, video and audio computer art. Art of literature is writing work, if compared to other writing work, has various characteristics of superiority like authenticity, artistic, transferred in contents and the expression. Art of literature covers novel, short story, epic, lyrics and also recitation art (Bandem, 1996:1)
An art also has wide and limited meaning. In wide meaning it is an art that related to the human skill such as writing a poem, making shoes, or predict the incoming of sun eclipse. Further more the art in limited meaning is used in a special class of skill includes the product called the fine arts such as art of painting, art of music, art of dancing, shadow play puppetry art, architecture art etc (Marajaya, 2004:11)
For Balinese society, performing an art is a tribute (yadnya), which can be offered to the God (Ida Sanghyang Widi), and for the physical needs, so that through an art a person can be prosperous. Therefore wherever they are and whatever they do, the balance of live concept will always become the main basic. According to the philosophy and logical in prakempa manuscript, the human balance of live concept can be materialized into several dimensions such are:
(1) The human balance of live in single dimension, is the balance of live based on mokshartam jagaddhitaya ca iti dharma philosophy; (2) The human balance of live in dualistic dimension, which is believe of two massive powers like bad and good, night and noon, man and woman, north and south, real and illusion etc; (3) The human balance of live in third dimension, which is believe to the existence of three elements of life such as tri murti, tri loka, tri aksara, tri sakti etc; (4) The human balance of live in fourth dimension, which is believes to the four powers of life such as catur lokapala, catur asrama, catur purusa arta etc; (5) The human balance of live in fifth dimension, which is believes to the existence of five powers of life, panca mahabhuta, panca sradha, panca yadnya etc; (6) The human balance of live in sixth dimension such as sadripu, sad rasa etc; (7) The human balance of live in seventh dimension, which is the human balance of live that believed to the seven conceptions, such as sapta wara, sapta loka etc; (8) The human balance of live in eighth dimension, which is the human’s believe to the eight powers such as asta iswarya; (9) The human balance of live in ninth dimension, is that human must believe with the existence of nine elements in balance such as dewata nawa sanga; (10) The human balance of live in tenth dimension, which is believe to the existence of ten elements in balance such as dasa aksara (Bandem, 1986:11).